For areas that have hard water, it is always advisable that one purchases a water softener. Consumption of hard water can be done but hard water is responsible for; damage of pipes due to mineral buildup increased wearing of appliances as a result of mineral deposits, too hard for clothing thus wear and the increase in soap use with the water. Water softener salts can come in handy when dealing with suchlike hard water.
Most water softeners are designed and manufactured with two chambers. One of the chambers can be identified as a resin tank. This is because resin beads can be found here. The actual water softening process is carried out here. The brine tank is the second chamber and the salt for water softening is often found here.
Ion exchange is the name of the chemical process that occurs with the use of water softeners to make hard water soft. Magnesium and calcium are the minerals most commonly found in hard water. Iron, manganese, and radium may at times be present. Soft water is the outcome of the process with the removal of the ions responsible for hard water.
The ion exchange process happens when the negatively charged resin beads, inside the resin tank carrying sodium ions that are attached magnetically, let go of the sodium ions to attract positive ions that are responsible for the hardness in the water. When the resin beads are completely filled with ions, they are unable to attract additional hardness ions. This will bring about the need for a recharge/ regeneration. The brine tank will begin functioning as soon as the water softener goes offline.
When regeneration is taking place, the salt brine will be pumped into the resin tank from the brine tank where it previously was. A new layer of sodium ions will, therefore, form afresh layer as a replacement of the hardness ions that were washed away through the use of salt brine. After complete regeneration, softening can be done once more as soon as the softener is online.
Rock salt is gotten underground and may cause a buildup that may require tank cleaning periodically. It is the most affordable option for use as a softener salt. Seawater that is exposed to the sun for evaporation to form a salt is identified as solar salt. Unlike rock salt, it is highly soluble but is unable to deal with hard water at its extreme. The purest and costly of salts is the evaporated salts. They are in most cases unlikely to bring about the buildup in the softening unit. The salt that is best suited is one that is closest to 100% purity levels. This, however, means the salt will be quite costly. The choice of the most suitable salt will to a greater extent depend on the budget allocation.
There are many professionals that are able to provide advice on what will suit best, offer proper and competent installation of the system and provide maintenance and repair for the systems proving to be problematic.